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    当前位置:学识网 > 英语知识 > 英语单词 > 英语单词





      Unit1 Women of achievement

      1. achieve

      【课文原句】She has achieved everything she wanted to do. (P3)

      【名师点拨】achieve v. 意为“完成;达到”,指经过长期努力而达到某目标、地位或标准等。其名词形式为achievement,意为“成就;功绩”,a sense of achievement可指“成就感”。


      He had finally achieved success. 他最终取得了成功。

      Even a small success gives you a sense of achievement. 甚至一个小小的成功都能给你一种成就感。

      2. condition

      【课文原句】She helped improve prison conditions and gave prisoners work and education. (P1)

      【名师点拨】condition 意为“环境;境况;条件”时,是可数名词,常用复数形式conditions;意为“状态;状况”时,是不可数名词,be in good condition表示“处于良好的状态”,be out of condition表示“健康状况不佳”。如:

      We should pay more attention to the poor living under the bad conditions. 我们应该更多的注意生活在恶劣条件下的穷人的生活。

      The astronauts soon got used to the condition of weightlessness.宇航员不久就习惯了这种失重的环境。

      My car is old but in good condition.我的车旧了但状况良好。

      He is overweight and out of condition.他超重了,健康状况不佳。

      【知识拓展】condition意为“条件”时,常用短语on condition that,表示“如果;在……条件下”;在美国英语中,也经常用under the condition that。如:

      I will come on condition that Peter is invited.如果皮特被邀请我就会来。

      3. devote

      【课文原句】She devoted all her life to medical work for Chinese women and children. (P1)

      【名师点拨】devote vt. 意为“投入于;献身”,其宾语后常与介词to搭配,to后接名词、代词或动名词。devote … to … 意为“献身;致力于”,指把自己、时间、精力等奉献给某种工作或事业。如:

      He has devoted his whole life to benefiting mankind.他一生致力于造福人类。

      The girl, to whom he was devoted, died in a traffic accident by chance.

      After he has retired, he will devote himself to gardening.他退休后,将致力于园艺。

      4. behave

      【课文原句】Jane has studied these animals for many years and helped people understand how much they behave like humans. (P2)

      【名师点拨】behave vi & vt. 意为“举动;举止;行为表现”,如behave well/badly等。其名词形式为behaviour,指“行为;态度;举止”。如:

      The parents encouraged the children to behave well in front of the guests.父母鼓励孩子们在客人面前表现良好。

      My camera has been behaving well since it was repaired.我的相机自从被修好以来一直很好用。

      Everyone praises the children's good behaviour.每个人都称赞孩子们的良好行为。

      5. worthwhile

      【课文原句】But the evening makes it all worthwhile. (P2)

      【名师点拨】worthwhile adj.意为“值得做的;值得出力的”,可作表语或定语。be worthwhile to do/doing sth表示“值得做……”,在动词-ing形式的结构中,worthwhile有时可以用来替代worth,特别是在表示“值得花时间”这一概念时。如:

      I think teaching school is always a worthwhile job. 我认为学校教学一直是一个有价值的工作。

      The book referred to by the professor is worthwhile/worth reading. 这本被教授提到的书是值得读的。

      6. observe

      【课文原句】Jane spent many years observing and recording their daily activities. (P2)

      【名师点拨】observe vt. 意为“观察;观测;遵守”,可用observe sb do sth,observe + that从句。其名词形式为observation。如:

      I observed the man who murdered the boy enter the shop.我观察到谋杀男孩的男人进了商店。

      He observed that we should probably have rain.他观测到可能会下雨。

      Most information was collected by direct observation of the animals’ behaviour.通过观察动物的行为,很多信息被收集起来。

      7. argue

      【课文原句】She has argued for them to be left in the wild and not used for entertainment or advertisements. (P2)

      【名师点拨】argue作动词时,意为“争论;争吵;争辩”。argue for意为“为……辩护”;argue with sb about/over sth指“就某事和某人争论”;argue against意为“据理反对;争辩……”。如:

      It is no use arguing for the plan because it has been rejected.为这个计划争论是没有用的,因为它已经拒绝了。

      We are always arguing with each other about money. 关于金钱,我们总是和彼此争吵。

      Father argued fiercely against any increase in expenditure for the children’s annual party. 爸爸强烈反对增加孩子们年度聚会的开支。

      【知识拓展】argue的名词形式为argument,意为“争论;争端;论证”,常构成短语settle an argument指“解决争端”。

      9. care for

      【课文原句】It was a small book explaining how to cut the death rate from having and caring for babies by following some rules for keeping babies clean and healthy. (P6)

      【名师点拨】care for可以表示look after的意思,意为“照顾;照料”,且较正式;也可表示“喜欢”的意思。如:

      His son cared for him when he was ill.他生病时,他的儿子照顾他。

      In fact, I don’t really care for basketball.事实上,我真的不喜欢打篮球。

      另外,在上面的句子中,explain意为“解释,说明”,后可接名词、代词、从句或wh + to do作宾语,可用explain sth to sb或explain to sb sth。如:

      Will you explain to us how we can finish the work as soon as possible?


      【知识拓展】care about意为“介意;在乎”,表示是否认为某事是重要的,某事是否引起了某人的兴趣或使其忧虑。最常用于疑问句或否定句中。about用在宾语前面,但是在连词前面一般省掉。

      I don’t care about your opinion.我不在乎你的意见。

      I don’t care whether it rains — I’m happy.我不在乎是否下雨。——我很开心。

      10. intend

      【课文原句】I looked carefully at the text and realised that it was intended for women who lived in the countryside. (P6)

      【名师点拨】intend v. 意为“打算;计划;想要”。intend to do sth意为“想干某事”;intend后也可以接动词-ing形式或that从句。intend for表示“原打算给某人;准备让……干……”。如:

      I intended to come to your house last night but it rained.


      He hadn’t really intended that they should be there.


      This gift is intended for you.




      1. 前缀



      un-unhappy unfinished undress

      dis- disagree disbelieve

      in[il-(在字母l前),im-(在字母m,b,p前),ir(在字母r前)]-inaccurate illegal impolite imbalance irregular

      mis-misbehave mislead mistake

      non-nonstop nonsmoker


      en-“使……” enrich enlarge encourage

      inter-“相互” international intercontinental

      re-“再,又,重” rethink retell recycle

      tele-“远程的” telescope telephone telegraph

      auto-“自动的” automatic automobile

      co-“共同” coworker cooperate coexist

      anti-“反对,抵抗” antiwar antifreeze antinuclear

      multi-“多” multistory multicultural multicolor

      bi-“双,二”bicycle bilingual bilateral

      micro-“极小的,微小的” microwave microcomputer

      over-“太多,过分” overwork overdo overestimate

      self-“自己,本身” self-centered self-confident self-control

      under-“在……下面,……下的,不足的” underline, underground, underestimate, underrate

      2. 后缀


      -able “可……的,具有……的” acceptable drinkable knowledgeable reasonable

      -al“与……有关的” physical, magical, political

      -an“属于某地方的人” American African

      -ern“方向” southern, northern, eastern

      -ful/ less“(没)有……的” helpful, useful, homeless, hopeless

      -ish“如……的;有……特征的” foolish childish selfish

      -ive“有……倾向的” active attractive expensive

      -en“由……制成的” golden wooden woolen

      -ous“有(性质)的” famous, dangerous, poisonous

      -ly “有……性质的” friendly yearly daily

      -y“构成形容词” noisy dusty cloudy


      -er / or“表人或用具” farmer, baker, visitor, professor, cooker, container

      -ese“某国(人)的” Chinese, Japanese

      -ian“某国、某地人;精通……的人” musician, Asian, Russian, technician

      -ist“某种主义或职业者” physicist, scientist, communist,socialist

      -ess“表女性,雌性” hostess, actress, princess

      -ment“行为或其状态” government, movement, achievement

      -ness“性质,状态” illness, sadness, carelessness

      -tion“动作,过程,结果” invention, organization, translation

      -ance/ ence“抽象;行为、性质、状态” importance, appearance, absence, existence

      -th“性质、情况” depth, warmth, truth

      -ful“(满的)量” handful, spoonful, mouthful

      -(a)bility“抽象、性质、状态” possibility, disability, reliability

      -al“过程、状态” survival, arrival, approval

      -y“性质、情况” modesty, delivery, honesty

      -dom“处于……状态;性质” freedom, boredom

      -age“状态,行为,身份及其结果” courage, storage, marriage


      -fy / ify“使得;变得” simplify, beautify, purify

      -en“使成为……;变得” shorten, deepen, sadden

      -ize“使成为” apologize, realize, specialize


      -ly“方式,程度” freely, truly, angrily

      ward(s)“向……” towards, forward, upwards


      -teen“十几” fourteen, eighteen, thirteen

      -ty“整十位数” forty, fifty, sixty

      -th“序数词” twelfth, twentieth

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